PANTOTHENIC ACID plays a role in the release of energy from carbohydrates; in gluconeogenesis; in the synthesis and degradation of fatty acids; and in the synthesis of such vital compounds as sterols and steroid hormones and porphyrins
FOLIC ACID is a water-soluble B vitamin that is important in both the production and synthesis of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA). Because the daily folate requirement is hinged to the daily metabolic and cell turnover rates, its need is increased by anything that increases the rate of either, such as physical stress. Folic acid’s metabolic role is interdependent with B-12 and both are required for cell growth and reproduction in the body.
VITAMIN B-12 is water-soluble vitamin necessary for the synthesis of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA), the maintenance of myelin in the nervous system, and the proper functioning of folic acid. Two important interrelationships exist between B-12 and folic acid. First, both are required for growth, which is dependent on cell replication, and cell replication is dependent on DNA synthesis. Vitamin B-12 is also necessary for the transport and storage of folate in cells.
VITAMIN C occurs in large concentrations in both parts of the adrenal gland. It is essential in the production of the two active hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine by the adrenal medulla. Even though the adrenals are rich in vitamin C, upon secretion of corticosteroids large amounts of vitamin C are lost from them.