VITAMIN D becomes active in the body, after its synthesis in the kidneys. Vitamin D is absorbed in the presence of bile salts, transferred to the kidneys from the liver and synthesized into the most active form of the vitamin, for distribution throughout the body. Vitamin D also plays a role in the absorption of calcium in the intestines and reabsorption by the kidneys.
B COMPLEX vitamins play roles in kidney and endocrine function. Vitamin B-1 is stored and excreted by the kidneys.
VITAMIN B-2 is important as part of the electron transport chain in a series of oxidation-reduction enzyme systems, which include glutamates, amino acids, and beta oxidation of fatty acids.
VITAMIN B-6 is synthesized to its active form in the brain, liver, and kidney and stored in muscle as the major component of the body’s pyridoxine pool. The active form of B-6 participates as a coenzyme in the synthesis and catabolism of amino acids and metabolites such as dopamine, serotonin and nicotinic acid. It also serves as a precursor to the enzyme phosphorylase, important in the breakdown of glycogen.
L-GLYCINE is important in the formation of proteins in the body. The kidney converts glycine to serine, which is found in many proteins throughout the body.
L-GLUTAMINE is an amino acid which works to form ammonia in the urine.