Beta-carotene. Preferred source of vitamin A due to its non-toxic nature. Converted by body into vitamin A only as needed. An antioxidant, much like vitamins C and E, and selenium. As an antioxidant, negates effects of free-radicals.
Vitamin A. Fat-soluble nutrient important to immune system and in formation of bones, teeth and skin. Necessary for eyes, good night vision. Helps maintain outer layer of many tissues and organs; supports growth and repair of body tissues. Promotes healthy hair and vitality.
Biotin Necessary for fatty acid biosynthesis; healthy skin; and, metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Calcium. A mineral necessary for healthy bones and teeth. Also important in blood coagulation, neuromuscular excitability, cellular adhesiveness, transmission of nerve impulses, maintenance and function of cell membranes, and activation of enzyme reactions and hormone secretion.
Choline. B-complex nutrient and one of the lipotropic vitamins. Important to the metabolism and transport of fats and cholesterol. Normal nerve transmission, gall bladder function and lecithin formation also involve this nutrient. Vital for healthy hair and thymus gland.
Chromium. Involved in carbohydrate, lipid and nucleic acid metabolism. Functions in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism as a potentiator of insulin action.
Essential fatty acids. Needed for growth. Linoleic acid, the most important, must be included in the diet.
Folic acid. Essential for growth, division of cells and formation of red blood cells. Helps with reproduction. Necessary for gland and liver health.
Inositol. A lipotropic vitamin. Important for hair growth, formation of lecithin, and metabolism of fats and cholesterol.
Iodine. Essential part of thyroxine and triiodothyronine, hormones required for normal growth and development, and for maintenance of a normal metabolic rate.
Iron. Essential in permitting oxygen and electron transport and for protein metabolism, immune system resistance, growth, healthy teeth, skin, nails and bones.
Magnesium. Essential for normal metabolism of potassium and calcium. Used in tissue growth, including bone growth and turnover replacement. Plays a key role as an essential prosthetic group in at least 300 enzymatic reactions in intermediary metabolism.
Niacin. B-complex nutrient. Promotes growth and proper functioning of nervous system. In addition to role in maintaining a healthy digestive system and skin, also aids in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
Pantothenic acid. Stimulates growth and contributes to energy functions. Necessary for healthy skin.
Phosphorus. Plays fundamental roles in modifying the development and maturation of bone. This mineral is also essential for the metabolism of carbohydrate, fats and protein. Because it plays a role in bone resorption, mineralization and collagen synthesis, phosphorus has an integral part in calcium homeostasis.
Selenium. Preserves tissue elasticity and works with Vitamin E. Like vitamins A, C and E, it is an anti-oxidant.
Vitamin B-1 (thiamine). Essential for nerve tissue, muscles, digestion and normal functioning of the heart. Also necessary for carbohydrate metabolism and in maintaining health of the mouth, skin, eyes and hair.
Vitamin B-2 (riboflavin). Important in the metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins. Aids in the formation of red blood cells and antibodies. Supports healthy eyes, hair, skin and nails.
Vitamin B-6. Necessary for metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins; healthy skin, nerves and muscles; and aids in antibody formation and digestion.
Vitamin B-12. Helps form normal red blood cells and a healthy nervous system. Aids in effective metabolism of fats, carbohydrates and proteins.
Vitamin C. Multiple uses: increases iron absorption, is essential for both the production of collagen and for the immune system, strengthens blood vessels, and helps maintain healthy teeth, gums and bones.
Vitamin D. Role is crucial in infancy and childhood, owing to its function in the assimilation of calcium, an essential mineral in healthy bone formation for all ages. Improves muscle strength and is essential for normal mineralization of bone and cartilage, and for healthy parathyroid glands and teeth.
Vitamin E. Protects fat-soluble vitamins and red blood cells. Works with other nutrients to help prevent blood clots; maintains healthy nerves and muscles; and strengthens capillary walls. Essential for hair, skin and mucous membranes.
Zinc. Aids in the digestion of protein and metabolism of phosphorus. Necessary for burn and wound healing, prostate gland function and carbohydrate digestion. A critical function of zinc is its role in the structure and function of biomembranes.