PANTOTHENIC ACID plays a role in the release of energy from carbohydrates; in gluconeogenesis; in the synthesis and degradation of fatty acids; and in the synthesis of such vital compounds as sterols and steroid hormones and porphyrins.
FOLIC ACID is a water-soluble B vitamin that is important in both the production and synthesis of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA). The daily need for folate in the body is directly related to the metabolic rate and the rate of cell turnover. If either of these increases, the need for folate increases as well. Any type of physical stress can increase the daily requirement for folate. Folic acid’s metabolic role is interdependent with B-12 and both are required for cell growth and cell reproduction in the body.
VITAMIN B-12 is water-soluble vitamin necessary for the synthesis of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA), the maintenance of myelin in the nervous system, and the proper functioning of folic acid. Two important interrelationships exist between B-12 and folic acid. First, both are required for growth, which is dependent on cell replication, and cell replication is dependent on DNA synthesis. Vitamin B-12 is also necessary for the transport and storage of folate in cells.
VITAMIN C, concentrated in both parts of the adrenal gland, is essential in the production of the two active hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine by the adrenal medulla.